Equally important for the field was the development of sophisticated fluorescent reporters. Utilizing these, fluorescence life-time, FCS and other fluorescence analysis techniques have become essential tools, permitting the determination of the presence and activation of specific biological entities inside biological materials at sub-micron resolutions. Nonlinear optical microscopy like multi-photon excited fluorescence microscopy, second-harmonic and coherent anti-Stokes Raman facilitate imaging based on new contrasts like molecular composition.
The resolution capabilities in microscopy have been extended via near-field scanning optical microscopy, four-pi confocal microscopy, and coherence probe microscopy. The last years especially have seen the successful realization of sub-Abbe resolution optical imaging by a number approaches to such a degree that the term nanoscopy has been rightfully been introduced.
These developments have been reported in the FOM conferences, started in 1988. The programs of the conferences of the last 10 years can be found on this website under button "Past conferences". For the conferences from 2004 the various presentations are available together with one page PDF abstract, this combined with a "Search" function.
The FOM conferences constitute an effective meeting point for developers and users working in this rapidly evolving field, playing an important role in the dissemination of information about new developments. The FOM conferences are accompanied by a technical exhibition showing the recent technical developments in microscopy and associated techniques.
|1988 (March 9-11)||Giessen, Germany|
|1989 (March 15-17)||Amsterdam, The Netherlands|
|1990 (July 2-6)||London (with Micro!)|
|1991 (April 9-12)||Atlantic city (with Scanning '91)|
|1992 (March 9-11)||Amsterdam, The Netherlands|
|1993 (February 8-11)||Sydney, Australia|
|1994 (April 25-28)||Munich, Germany|
|1995 (April 18-20)||Taipei, Taiwan|
|1996 (April 15-17)||Oxford, Great Britain|
|1997 (April 27-30)||Buffalo. USA|
|1998 (April 14-17)||Sydney, Australia|
|1999 (April 11-15)||Heidelberg, Germany|
|2000 (April 9-13)||Shirahama, Japan|
|2001 (April 2-4)||Amsterdam, The Netherlands|
|2002 (April 7-10)||Kaohsiung, Taiwan|
|2003 (April 13-16)||Genoa, Italy|
|2004 (April 4-7)||Philadelphia, USA|
|2005 (March 20-25)||Jena, Germany|
|2006 (April 9-12)||Perth, Australia|
|2007 (April 10-13)||Valencia, Spain|
|2008 (April 13-16)||Osaka-Awaji, Japan|
|2009 (April 5-8)||Krakow, Poland|
|2010 (March 28-31)||Shanghai, China|
|2011 (April 17-20)||Konstanz, Germany|
|2012 (April 1-4)||Singapore|
|2013 (March 24-27)||Maastricht, The Netherlands|
|2014 (April 13-16)||Sydney, Australia|
|2015 (March 29-April 1)||Göttingen, Germany|
|2016 (March 20-March24)||Taipei, Taiwan|