One of Germany's oldest universities provides the back drop of a cosmopolitan city with an interesting mix of student Iife and Iocal markets, old historical buildings integrated with the modern offices of some of Germanys most innovative companies, many having a long standing tradition in optical manufacturing and research founded by Carl Zeiss, Ernst Abbe and Otto Schott in the middle of the 19th century. Nowadays quite a few modern companies and research institutes in the fields of optics and especially in the field of micro optics are concentrated in Jena and its surroundings.
The historical part is played by Goethe, Schiller and the nearby area with Napoleonic battlefields, castles and famous neighbouring cities such as Leipzig and Weimar. We hope this wets your appetite and welcome you in the wonderful city of Jena. See you then!
|1236||First mentioned in documents as a town.|
|1523/24||Jena becomes a centre of the Reformation.|
|1558||Jena University begins its work.|
|End 17th cent.||Jena is home to Germany's largest university, one of Europes's most important establishments of higher learning.|
|Early 18th cent.||In addition to Leipzig, Jena rises to the status of best-known center of publishing, book trade and book printing.|
|Around 1800||Jena and its university form an intellectual and cultural centre: Goethe, Schiller, Fichte, Hegel, Feuerbach, Schelling, Hufeland, Doebereiner and the circle of early romantics with Tieck, the Schlegel brothers and their wives all work here.|
|1806||Battle of Jena and Auerstedt Napoleon's troops conquer the Prussian army.|
|1815||Founding the first Jena student fraternity in the "Grünen Tanne".|
|1846||Carl Zeiss founded the precision-engineering optical workshop, with later help from Ernst Abbe.|
|1884||The Schott & Gen. Glass works was established.|
|1889||Ernst Abbe founded the Carl-Zeiss-Stiftung (foundation)|
|1908||The new main university building was opened.|
|1926||The Zeiss Planetarium opens in Jena.|
|1945||The town is destroyed to a great extent by bomb attacks.|
|1969/70||Building of the high-rise university building following the demolition of the greater part of the old town centre which still existed.|
|From 1990||Renovation work in the city centre, taking care to preserve the historic monuments. The "Damenviertel" (Ladies' Quarter), with buildings dating from around 1900, is identified as a historic monument site.|
|1996||The "Goethe Galerie" shopping mall (architecture award) and the new university campus emerge on the site of the main Zeiss factory. Frank Stella's metal sculptures are erected on Ernst-Abbe-Platz.|
|2000||A faithful reconstruction of the Renaissance finial is placed on the spire of the town church of St. Michael.|
Schillergäßchen 2, 07745 Jena, Tel.: + 49 3641/93 11 88
The Friedrich Schiller summer house is the only preserved residence of the famous Professor of Jena University remaining in Jena. There he wrote: "Wallenstein", parts of the dramas "Maria Stuart" and "The maid of Orleans" and many ballads.
Admission fees: adults: € 2, reduced fee: € 1
Fürstengraben 26, 07743 Jena, Tel.: +49 3641/94 92 74
15.9-14.5.: 9 am - 5 pm
Over an area of 4.5 ha about 12,000 plant species from all climatic zones around the world are growing in open parkland and in representative greenhouses.
Admission fees: adults: € 3, reduced fee: &euro 1.50, family ticket: € 2,50.
Sellierstraße 6, 07745 Jena, Te.: +49 3641/94 87 14
Mo, Thu: 1 pm - 5 pm
The collection is over 200 years old. Johann Wolfgang Goethe made essential contributions to the development and expansion of the collection in the years in which he lived and worked in Jena and Weimar. In addition to indigenous minerals, many rare pieces and a large number of meteorites and tiektites can be seen.
Ernst Haeckel House
Berggasse 7, 07745 Jena, Tel.: +49 3641/94 95 06
Guided tours: Tue-Fri: 8.30 am, 10 am, 11.30 am, 2 pm, 3.30 pm
The previous residence of the zoologist Ernst Haeckel, the "Villa Medusa", is today the headquarters of the Institute for the History of Medicine, Natural Sciences and Technology of the Friedrich-Schiller-University. The Ernst Haeckel mudeum provides information on the life and work of the natural scientist.
Admission fees: adults: &euro 2, reduced fee: € 1.
Vor dem Neutor 1, 07743 Jena, Tel.: +49 3641/94 91 80
Daily 9 am-4 pm
The zoologist Ernst Haeckel established the museum for the theory of evolution in 1907. Zoological preparations, fossils, models and graphical displays explain the phylogenetic development of organisms, including man.
Admission fees: adults: € 2, reduced fee: € 1.
Ernst-Abbe-Stiftung Jena, Am Planetarium 5, 07743 Jena, Tel.: +49 3641/88 54 88
Leave day-to-day reality behind and be transported into a universe far from our planet. The world's first planetarium uses state-of-the-art technology to bring you an experience that combines information, cultute and entertainment. Our programmes habe something for everyone: all-round education programmes for the whole family, including observing the starry shy children's musicals gigantic laser and multi-vision shows.
Admission fees: adults: € 6, reduced fee: € 4
Extra charge for laser and multivision shows
Combination ticket for Optical Museum/Planetarium: adults: € 9, reduced fee: € 6, family ticket: € 18.
Ernst-Abbe-Stiftung Jena, Carl-Zeiss-Platz 12, 07743 Jena,
Tel.: +49 3641/44 31 65
Tue-Fri: 10 am-4.30 pm, Sat: 11 am-5 pm
This close-up optical experience is yours to enjoy right in the very heart of Jena, the cradle of the optical industry – and the developments of five centuries are waiting to be discovered! Find out more abour Ernst Abbe, Carl Zeiss and Otto Schott and visit the original Zeiss workshop, which dates from 1866.
Admission fees: adults: € 5, reduced fee: € 4.
Schott Glass Musuem & Schott Villa
Otto-Schott-Straße 13, 07745 Jena, Tel.: +49 3641/68 17 65 (Schott Glass Museum)
Tel.: +49 3641/68 17 54 (Schott Villa)
Tue-Fri: 1 pm-6 pm
The fascinating history of the product and the technology is documented in the Schott Glass Museum in Jena, where, in 1884, Otto Schott established the "Glass Technology Laboratory". Authentic exhibits, images and films transport you into the innovative world of Schott. In the Schott Villa, where the important scientist, technologist and industrialist once lived, his many-faceted life's work is on display. Other exhibits captivate visitors with episodes from the company's eventful history, marked by partition and reunification and its rise to an international technology company.
Historical engineering workshop/technical Memorial. Fischergasse 1, 07743 Jena, Tel.: +49 3641/82 68 67
Tue-Fri: 10 am-4 pm
Last weekend of each month: Sat: 1 pm- 4 pm, Sun: 10 am- 1 pm
Admission fees: adults: € 1, reduced fee: € 0,50.
Griesbach's Garden House
Am Planetarium 7, 07743 Jena. Tel.: +49 3641/ 94 41 66
1.7.-31.7. Tue-Sun: 11 am-3 pm
"Prinzessinnenschlößchen"; built as summer residence by theology professor Johann Jacob Griesbach in 1784, late baroque half-timbered building, in the classic period it was the intellectual centre of Jena, in the Griesbach garden is a Goethe monument.
Admission fees: adults: € 1, reduced fee: € 0,50.
Romantiker Haus (House from the Romantic period)
Municipal museums, Unterm Markt 12a, 07743 Jena). Tel.: +49 3641/44 32 63
Tue-Sun: 10 am - 5 pm
The former home of the philosopher J.G. Fichte houses the Literary Museum of the city of Jena. The exhibition attempts to recapture the intellectual climate of those years (approx. 1785-1800) in which early Romanticism was able to flourish as a literary/philosophical current.
Admission fees: adults: € 3,50, reduced fee: € 1,50.
"Göhre" Town Museum
Municipal Museums, Markt 7, 07743 Jena. Tel.: +49 3641/35 98 0
Tue, Wed, Fri-Sun: 10-5 pm, Thur 2 pm – 10 pm
The old "Göhre" museum provides an insight into the town's history up to the end of the 19th century (historical coinmaking factory, the history of wine-making in Jena, reformation, foundation of the University, student life, detention cells, history of student fraternities). At the "Neue Göhre" art exhibitions are presented.
Admission fees: adults: € 3, reduced fee: € 1,50
07751 Cospeda, Tel.: +49 3641/82 09 25
1.12.-31.3. Wed-So: 9 am- 1 pm/2 pm-4 pm
On the 14th of October 1806 the famous battle of Jena took place here between the French armies led bay Napoleon 1st and the Prussian army. Prehistory and the course of the battle of Jena and Auerstedt are explained in the memorial building.
Admission fees: adults: € 3, reduced fee: &euro 1,50.